The History of Rajasthan
The Historical Rajasthan, The Land of the Kings, battle-scarred forts,
palaces of breathtaking grandeur and whimsical charm, riotous colors and even
its romantic sense of pride and honor.
The state is diagonally divided into the hilly and rugged south-eastern region and the barren north-western That Desert, which extends across the border into Pakistan. There are plenty of historic cities, incredible fortresses awash with legends, and rare gems of impressionistic beauty, such as Udaipur. There are also a number of centers that attract travelers from far and wide, such as Pushkar with its holy lake, and the desert city of Jaisalmer, which resembles a fantasy from "The Thousand & One Nights".
Rajasthan is one of India's prime tourist destinations. Nobody leaves here without priceless memories.
Rajasthan was inhabited long before 2500 BC and the Indus Valley Civilisation had its foundation here in north Rajasthan itself. The Bhil and the Mina tribes were the earliest dwellers of this area.
Around 1400 BC the Aryans paid a visit and settled forever in the area. The local population was pushed down south and towards the east. Afghans, Turks, Persians and Mughals followed in mixing their blood, first in war then in peace, with the existing original inhabitants. This blending gave the martial lineage to the Rajputs.
From the times of Harsha (7 AD) to the founding of the Delhi Sultanate, Rajasthan was fragmented in competing kingdoms. Perhaps it was during this era by their influence through wealth and power the Rajputs persuaded the Brahmins to link them with the sun, the moon and the fire god.
With the passage of time they were divided into 36 royal clans. Rajasthan finally settled for a long and lasting reign under the colourful and vibrant Rajputs. and it's a surprise that they lasted as long as they did. Considering that they were at a constant state of aggression; if not with a foe, then with each other. After the 14th century their influence declined in the area.
In came the Mughals who gained control of the region through the clever strategy of Akbar, the Mughal Emperor. He performed matrimonial alliances with the Rajputs where faced military failure and thus turned them from fearsome foes to faithful friends. This proud but very divided race was thus brought to some order under the imperial Mughals, by the some deft mixing of marital and martial relations. Akbar gave high offices to many Rajput princes after seeking reconciliation through marriage to a Rajput princess, Jodha Bai, the daughter of the Maharaja of Amber. However, the spunk of the Rajput soul was never really captured, till the spread of the British colonial power. However, when the Mughals weakened they were quick to reassert their dominance. The Rajputs as a community thus has outlived the somewhat tribal Delhi Sultanate, the grand Mughals and the war-like Marathas. In fact to this day their descendants, though stripped of their titles and kingdoms, are revered as rulers by the common man.
Rajasthan - History
Rajasthan is the home of the Rajputs, a group of warrior clans, who have controlled this part of India for 1000 years according to a code of chivalry and honor akin to that of the medieval European knights. While temporary alliances and marriages of convenience were the order of the day, pride and independence were always paramount. The Rajputs were therefore never able to present a united front against a common aggressor. Indeed, much of their energy was spent squabbling among themselves and the resultant weakness eventually led to their becoming vassal states of the Mughal empire. Nevertheless, the Rajputs' bravery and sense of honor were unparalleled.
Rajput warriors would fight against all odds and, when no hope was left, chivalry demanded that jauhar (mass suicide) take place. In this grim ritual, the women and children committed suicide by immolating themselves on a huge funeral pyre, while the men donned saffron robes and rode out to confront the enemy and certain death. In some of the larger battles, ten of thousands of Rajput warriors lost their lives in this way. Three times in Chittorgarh's long history, the women consigned themselves to the flames while the men rode out to their martyrdom. The same tragic fate befell many other forts around the state. It's hardly surprising that Akbar persuaded Rajputs to lead his army, nor that subsequent Mughal emperors had such difficulty controlling this part of their empire.
With the decline of the Mughal empire the Rajputs gradually clawed back their independence through a series of spectacular victories, at least until the British arrived. As the Raj inexorably expanded, most Rajput states signed articles of alliance with the British, which allowed them to continue as independent states, each with its own King, subject to certain political and economic constraints.
These alliances proved to be the beginning of the end for the Rajput rulers. Indulgence and extravagance soon replaced chivalry and honor so that by the early 20th century, many of the maharajas spent much of their time traveling the world with scores of concubines and retainers, playing polo, racing horses, and occupying entire floors of the most expensive hotels in Europe and the USA. While it suited the British to indulge them in this respect, their profligacy was economically and socially detrimental. When India gained independence, Rajasthan had one of the subcontinent's lowest rates of life expectancy and literacy.
At Independence, India's ruling Congress Party was forced to make a deal with the independent Rajput states in order to secure their agreement to join the new India. The rulers were allowed to keep their titles, their property holdings were secured and they were paid an annual stipend commensurate with their status. It couldn't last forever, however, and in the early 1970s Indira Gandhi abolished both the titles and the stipends and severely sequestered the rulers' property rights.
While some of the rulers have survived this by converting their palaces into luxury hotels, many have fallen by the wayside, unable to cope with the financial and managerial demands of the late 20th centuary.
Once visit this state in your life and get the real experience of History, Culture, Royalty and Romance.
Car Rental Services
Rajasthan Tour Packages
Tours from New DelhiRajasthan Historic tour
Mewari Tour with Agra
Classic Golden Triangle
Rajasthan Wildlife Safari
Rajasthan Real Adventure
Rajasthan Tour with Agra
Jaipur city tour w/ Pushkar
Rajasthan Desert tour
Classic Desert tour
Jaipur city tour
All tours starting from New Delhi
All tours starting from Jaisalmer
Tours from Jaipur
Rajasthan Tiger tour
Romantic Rajasthan tour
Mughal Triangle tour
Cultural Rajasthan tour
Jaipur city tour w/ Pushkar
Jaipur city tour
Magic of Rajasthan tour
All tours starting from Jaipur
All tours starting from Udaipur